Vor Jahren gelang Graham Bell eine bahnbrechende Erfindung: Er entdeckte, wie man Schallwellen in elektrische Schwingungen. Mitte des Jahrhunderts wird das Telefon gleich vierfach erfunden. Am Ende aber kassiert Alexander Graham Bell den Ruhm. Konkurrenzprodukte im Zuge dieser wertvollen Erfindung vorausahnend, reichte Bells späterer Schwiegervater Gardiner Hubbard am Februar ein Patent. <
Alexander Graham Bell - Erfinder des ersten funktionsfähigen TelefonsAlexander G. Bell und das Telefon des Antonio Meucci[Bearbeiten | Quelltext bearbeiten]. Siehe auch: Erfindung. Mitte des Jahrhunderts wird das Telefon gleich vierfach erfunden. Am Ende aber kassiert Alexander Graham Bell den Ruhm. Konkurrenzprodukte im Zuge dieser wertvollen Erfindung vorausahnend, reichte Bells späterer Schwiegervater Gardiner Hubbard am Februar ein Patent.
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These included statuary monuments to both him and the new form of communication his telephone created, including the Bell Telephone Memorial erected in his honor in Alexander Graham Bell Gardens in Brantford , Ontario, in A number of historic sites and other marks commemorate Bell in North America and Europe, including the first telephone companies in the United States and Canada.
Among the major sites are:. These included the prestigious 'Volta Laboratory Association' , also known as the Volta Laboratory and as the 'Alexander Graham Bell Laboratory', and which eventually led to the Volta Bureau as a center for studies on deafness which is still in operation in Georgetown, Washington, D.
The Volta Laboratory became an experimental facility devoted to scientific discovery, and the very next year it improved Edison's phonograph by substituting wax for tinfoil as the recording medium and incising the recording rather than indenting it, key upgrades that Edison himself later adopted.
In partnership with Gardiner Greene Hubbard , Bell helped establish the publication Science during the early s. In , Bell was elected as the second president of the National Geographic Society , serving until , and was primarily responsible for the extensive use of illustrations, including photography, in the magazine.
He was one of the founders of the American Institute of Electrical Engineers in and served as its president from — The First Day of Issue ceremony was held on October 28 in Boston, Massachusetts, the city where Bell spent considerable time on research and working with the deaf.
The Bell stamp became very popular and sold out in little time. The stamp became, and remains to this day, the most valuable one of the series.
The illustrations on the reverse of the note include Bell's face in profile, his signature, and objects from Bell's life and career: users of the telephone over the ages; an audio wave signal ; a diagram of a telephone receiver; geometric shapes from engineering structures; representations of sign language and the phonetic alphabet; the geese which helped him to understand flight; and the sheep which he studied to understand genetics.
That first flight was made by an airplane designed under Dr. Bell's tutelage, named the Silver Dart. In , Bell was also named as one of the 10 greatest Scottish scientists in history after having been listed in the National Library of Scotland 's 'Scottish Science Hall of Fame'.
Alexander Graham Bell, who could not complete the university program of his youth, received at least a dozen honorary degrees from academic institutions, including eight honorary LL.
Bell died of complications arising from diabetes on August 2, , at his private estate in Cape Breton, Nova Scotia, at age Bell, saying: .
My colleagues in the Government join with me in expressing to you our sense of the world's loss in the death of your distinguished husband.
It will ever be a source of pride to our country that the great invention, with which his name is immortally associated, is a part of its history. On the behalf of the citizens of Canada, may I extend to you an expression of our combined gratitude and sympathy.
Bell's coffin was constructed of Beinn Bhreagh pine by his laboratory staff, lined with the same red silk fabric used in his tetrahedral kite experiments.
To help celebrate his life, his wife asked guests not to wear black the traditional funeral color while attending his service, during which soloist Jean MacDonald sang a verse of Robert Louis Stevenson 's "Requiem": .
Upon the conclusion of Bell's funeral, "every phone on the continent of North America was silenced in honor of the man who had given to mankind the means for direct communication at a distance".
Alexander Graham Bell was buried atop Beinn Bhreagh mountain, on his estate where he had resided increasingly for the last 35 years of his life, overlooking Bras d'Or Lake.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Scientist and inventor known for his work on the telephone. Edinburgh , Scotland. Beinn Bhreagh , Nova Scotia , Canada.
University of Edinburgh University College London. Mabel Hubbard. Gardiner G. Hubbard father-in-law David C. Bell uncle Gilbert H.
Re-identified in , Bell made this wax-disc recording of his voice in Main article: Invention of the telephone.
Main article: Elisha Gray and Alexander Bell telephone controversy. Further information: The Telephone Cases. Further information: Beinn Bhreagh, Nova Scotia.
Main article: Photophone. Play media. This list is incomplete ; you can help by expanding it. Bell, Alexander Graham Washington, D.
National Geographic Society. To the end of his days, when discussing himself, Bell would always add with pride "I am a teacher of the deaf".
When he moved to Canada in , Canadian and British citizenship were functionally identical, with Canadian citizenship only becoming a formal classification in He applied for American citizenship after , gained it in , and referred to himself as an American citizen from that point on.
Quote from Bell speaking to his wife: "you are a citizen because you can't help it — you were born one, but I chose to be one.
On October 24, , in Brantford, Ontario, the Governor General spoke at the unveiling of the Bell Telephone Memorial to an audience numbering in the thousands, saying: "Dr.
Bell is to be congratulated upon being able to receive the recognition of his fellow citizens and fellow countrymen".
Bell's dislike of the telephone. By clicking OK, you are confirming that this image is only to be used for the rights in the existing license.
Live chat. Hi there! Graphophone similar to previous image, users turns the cylinder by pumping the treadle, and speaks into the mouthpiece. Recording played back by replacing the mouthpiece with earphones lying on the desk, An early experimental non-magnetic tape recorder invented by the Volta Associates and patented in July-Aug A standard desk phone c.
Photo of July Image of Bell in front of the Bell Telephone Memorial , erected to commemorate the invention of the telephone by Alexander Graham Bell in Brantford, Ontario, Canada in the summer of Bell Statue in the front portico of the Bell Telephone Building in Brantford , Ontario, The Telephone City , where he conceived of and invented his famous telecommunications device.
The master patent , No. Johnson Deyonhehgon , seated centre c. Photo courtesy: IEEE. Bell, opened in Photo: Harry Zilber. Bell is recipient at the very top.
Page 4 of the Presidential Decree of 10 November , competitor Thomas Edison is recipient sic at the very bottom. Plaque commemorating the conception of the telephone in Bell's Brantford, Ontario home in , at the Bell Homestead.
Plaque commemorating Canada's first telephone company office , established in Brantford, Ontario, A birthplace marker at the entrance to Bell's birthhome, in his native Edinburgh, Scotland.
Image taken April Library of Congress. The instruments at present in Osborne are merely those supplied for ordinary commercial purposes, and it will afford me much pleasure to be permitted to offer to the Queen a set of Telephones to be made expressly for her Majesty's use.
Scientists who Made History. New York: Raintree Steck-Vaughn. The Library of Congress. Retrieved March 7, January 26, Retrieved July 21, Australasian Telephone Collecting Society.
Moorebank, NSW, Australia. Retrieved April 22, Markham, Ontario: Pembroke. May 10, Retrieved July 28, American Bell Telephone Co. Jusrtia US Supreme Court.
November 12, An important acknowledgment for Antonio Meucci". The Guardian. Retrieved October 25, September 5, Archived from the original on July 17, Italian Historical Society of America.
Archived from the original on October 15, Retrieved December 29, Alexander Graham Bell and the Telephone. Scientific American.
Science Discoveries. Bibcode : SciAm. Bell Dies. Inspired Telephone. January 4, Gilbert H. Grosvenor Dies".
Canadian Press. February 5, Gilbert Grosvenor Dead". December 27, New York: Harry N. September 25, Sterling Biographies. New York: Sterling Publishing.
Historic Baddeck. Images of our Past. Halifax, Nova Scotia: Nimbus Publishing. Evening Tribune. San Diego, California.
Archived from the original on February 19, Retrieved November 26, Amateur Radio : 12— Archived from the original on August 2, February 10—26, Fiber Optics Weekly Update : 11 of 6— The Canadian Encyclopedia online ed.
Historica Canada. The Fiber Optic Backbone Report. University of North Texas. Archived from the original on September 25, January—February American Scientist.
American Journal of Science. Retrieved April 29, New South Wales, Australia. Retrieved: December 29, Cape Breton Post.
Sydney, Nova Scotia. Archived from the original on July 24, Retrieved June 12, February 27, Retrieved August 28, Canada's Illustrated Heritage.
Toronto, Ontario: Natural Science of Canada. October 19, The Globe and Mail. Brantford Expositor. June 18, Alexander Graham Bell Family Papers.
Biographical Memoirs. August 7, Archived from the original on October 11, Retrieved: February 14, Retrieved January 1, August 3, Retrieved March 3, September 1, Alexander Graham Bell".
Frelinghuysen to Alexander Graham Bell". January 7, Knowledge Ecology International. Gauthier-Villars ed. July Annals of Science. The last line of the typed note refers to the future disposition of award funds: He intends putting the full amount into his Laboratory and Library.
National Geographic Milestones. June 20, Engineering and Technology History Wiki. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. Technology and Culture. Rampant Scotland.
Royal Canadian Mint. August 21, Retrieved April 5, Scottish Science Hall of Fame. Scots and Scots Descendant in America.
New York: Caledonian. Gallaudet University. Washington, DC. Archived from the original on June 18, Illinois College.
Archived from the original on September 24, University of Edinburgh. Archived from the original on September 1, Queen's University.
July 26, He immigrated to New York from Cuba and worked on a creating an electronic communications project he called the "teletrofono" that linked different rooms and floors of his house on Staten Island.
But he exhausted his savings and couldn't commercialize his invention, " though he demonstrated his invention in and had a description of it published in New York's Italian language newspaper.
He was unable to raise sufficient funds to pay his way through the patent application process, and thus had to settle for a caveat, a one-year renewable notice of an impending patent, which was first filed on December 28, Meucci later learned that the Western Union affiliate laboratory reportedly lost his working models, and Meucci, who at this point was living on public assistance, was unable to renew the caveat after On January 13, , the Government of the United States moved to annul the patent issued to Bell on the grounds of fraud and misrepresentation, a case that the Supreme Court found viable and remanded for trial.
Meucci died in October , the Bell patent expired in January , and the case was discontinued as moot without ever reaching the underlying issue of the true inventor of the telephone entitled to the patent.
Share Flipboard Email.Alexander Graham Bell war ein britischer, später US-amerikanischer Audiologe, Erfinder und Großunternehmer. Er gilt als der erste Mensch, der aus der Erfindung des Telefons Kapital geschlagen hat, indem er Ideen seiner Vorgänger zur Marktreife. Alexander G. Bell und das Telefon des Antonio Meucci[Bearbeiten | Quelltext bearbeiten]. Siehe auch: Erfindung. Nachdem Bell „sein“ Telefon zum Patent anmeldete, versuchte Meucci, dies anzufechten. Auch war dieses erste Telefon war nicht sonderlich gebrauchsfähig. meldet Alexander Graham Bell sein Telefon zum Patent an und verbesserte es immer.